The House Project Prep

My Role Description

Wardrobe Supervisor

Wardrobe supervisor’s are referred to as Costume supervisors most of the time. A wardrobe supervisor’s main focus is Shoes, Accessories, Bags etc. They often Liaise with the whole of the Art department, The Producer, The Director and any of the main crew but most of all the Costume designer. They make decisions together and work closely with one another. They are also in charge of continuity and must make sure nothing changes throughout shooting.

The role require’s extreme organisation, planning and scheduling. On the day of the shoot, they are in charge of making sure all items from Costume and Wardrobe are ready such as ironing, washed and prepared. The clothes must be labelled and prepared. They must manage all items and make sure Hired outfits are returned in one piece.

The role also includes being able to work hard under pressure and be able to find solutions to last minute changes. You should be prepared in knowing what form of transport you will need, to deliver the goods and should make sure that you are all prepared. They work with all the designers and costume to negotiate budget and must have good communication skills as without it, the whole production could go wrong.

Costume Designer

A Costume Designer’s role is very similar. Costume designers, must do a lot of research on the actual script of the production and pay close attention to all the details. When working on TV, they must assure that they are aware of all the changes especially as they will have to put together and outfit that matches the situation correctly. They must also do a lot of research in costume itself and have a good background of what fits the brief, according to the time of the theme of the production.

Having an understanding of clothes in different Era’s will help with assuring they pick the correct outfits. In depth, they must research different colours, different styles and all the different materials too. When they have gathered all their pieces together, they must work closely with the Wardrobe designer to assure that they are all on the same page and deliver their ideas to the Director to get confirmation on all of the looks. This can also be done before hand by sketches of examples of how your actors/ess will look.

Specific records are kept to ensure everything used is restored and budget is being used appropriately. They should always be on set on stand by along with the Wardrobe designer in case anything should go wrong. They are required to have great time management, organisational and planning skills and must be able to work well to deadlines. They look after Actors, Actresses and extras if necessary.

Hair and Make Up

The Hair and Make Up department are also responsible for most of the aesthetic qualities in a production. If the main cast of a production do not look like they fit in with the brief, this could be difficult for the final thing. They should have great communication skills and be able make the people they are working on feel comfortable. They must also work closely with the Costume and Wardrobe department, assuring the looks they are going to create work well with all the costumes.

It is important that the hair and Make Up have also done their research on different looks and styles of both hair and Make Up and are able to create both a glamorous look and a toned down look. When working in Hair and Make Up there are usually two or three people working in this so that they are able to work on one person at a time and speed the process up by getting both the Hair and Make up completed at the same time.

The ALRA Trip

The ALRA Trip

Wikipedia, ALRA, Accessed 01/03/2014, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Live_and_Recorded_Arts

Today we got the opportunity to go to ALRA which stands for the Academy of Live and Recorded Arts. They had allowed for us to visit their site, having access to all their costumes and clothes and allowed for us to Hire it for free. There were so many options when we arrived and we were allowed as many items as we wanted. The only problem is, is that we haven’t yet met our actors so we didn’t know sizes or how things would look together. Also, because my Director for HUMDRUM was very specific with her choices, we could not find exactly what it is we needed. We decided to take back a variety of things and options in case our Director was happy to use them. For On The Doorstep, we found some beautiful fur coats to choose from. We also found a perfect pair of old Levi Jeans and some old shirts we could take back.

Despite getting this opportunity to Hire out free clothes, I feel like I still have a lot of research and buying to do. Not everything is available especially when we’re looking for specific items. I plan to visit various different charity shops for options and to browse and see if I can find what I am looking for i.e Snake skin mens shoes. Another reason I feel like I cannot do anything about this situation, research wise is because we have not yet met our actors so we have no idea what they look like, nor do we have any measurements for any of them so I have to be patient and wait to meet my actors before I can go out and buy something.

The only clothes that I’ve managed to find everything for from ALRA, is for the On The Doorstep production. We only needed a few items and we have found them all, excluding shoes which can be easily resolved by either the actors bringing their own or buying a pair as we haven’t spent any money so far on costume and wardrobe.

Roles for House Project

These are the different Roles we got to choose from..

– Production designer (works with costume designer)
– Art director takes care of set
– Costume Designer
– Set designer
– Props master monitors (looks after props)
– Wardrobe supervisor
– Set builder
– Set decorator
– Props buyer
– Props maker
– Stand by make up & hair
– Floor manager
– Runner
– Set builder/Standby
– Set dresser (furniture, walls etc not props)
– Wardrobe supervisor

My first option was Wardrobe Supervisor, My second was Costume Designer and my last choice was Props buyer. I also put Hair and Make Up as I was able to do that also.

Measuring our Actors

Today we had the opportunity to get a full tutorial on how to Measure our actors in a correct manor. We were taught how to measure for costume of people acting and moving around. We learnt different techniques and were even able to practice on one another before we got to meet our cast.

What to measure and how, when measuring for TV/Film.

Hip Bone – From each hip

The Waist – This is different for both men and women. Men’s being more difficult to measure. The belly button is where the waist is and men tend to have larger ones as some have bigger bellys. However, the belly button is where to measure and it should be in complete line ground.

Cup Fitting (Bra) – We didn’t have to worry about this much because nobody is doing an underwear scene however, you would usually measure under the bust and over. It is important that you are measuring women for underwear as women are bigger than they realise and they tend to have the wrong sizes.

Inside Leg – To make this as comfortable as possible, you must ask them to hold the end of the measuring tape to the top of the inside of the leg. They must be facing the front with their face straight ahead. The end of the measuring tape goes to the bottom, just where the heel begins.

Outside Leg – This is from the hip bone, to the floor. The actor/ess must be looking straight ahead. For women, you should also do the measurements from the waist to the floor because some have longer bodies and it can also give you a better understanding of the maximum length when buying or making a costume.

The Cross back – This is between the shoulder blades, not the top or the bottom. When measuring for jackets, always ask the person to push their arms up and lift forward.

Shoulder to Shoulder – This is from shoulder bone to the other shoulder bone

Nape to Waist – There is a little bone at the back of your neck called the nape, which may stick out sometimes. You start off from the Nape to where the belly button lines to at the back. (waist) You may also ask them to put their hands on their waist to give you a good guideline as to where it sits.

Arm length – Ask the person to bend their arms as you are measuring as this tends to be longer than the inside arm and lengths increase when moving around. Measure from the top of the shoulder right down to the wrists and add two fingers to the measurement.

Inside Arm – Again, to make this comfortable you must ask your actor to hold the end of the tape in their armpit and measure down to the wrists. The arm does not need to be bent as measurements stay the same when bent. You must also check that your actor is clean for hygiene reasons and so that your tape measure is not ruined.

The Neck Collar size – Most men know their shirt sizes when it comes down to this and they are always right. This measurement is quite preferential. Always ask and be a bit more generous (Two fingers maybe) when measuring. Most men prefer bigger sizes when acting as they get really hot.

Rules to follow when Filming.

As I arrived to both of my films, we met up as a group and discussed the times of how long each shot should take. We also met with Candida, who briefed us on some of the rules when filming..

– We must always help each other out no matter what our role is. (Be pro active)

– You must stay in the Gallery unless you’re Wardrobe or Costume.

– Actors to use Green Room to get ready for Hair and Make Up.

– Teach yourself something new, Study the other students as they work.

– Be aware of how your role may affect others so you must work as a team for everything.

– Bags should all be left in the Gallery and out of the way.

– No one ever leaves without the permission of the Director/Producer.

– You must help pack away and help the next group set up when wrapped.

– Rotate every half an hour, two at a time into the studio.

– Phones must always be on aeroplane mode as it interferes with the technology.

– Absoloute silence on set as sound is easily picked up.

– ALWAYS clean your area when you’ve finished, ready for the next group.

These basic rules are so essential to follow when you’re on set to film. Following these rules avoid time loss and gains productivity!

Visit to Props House

Today we went to a Costume Hire in Oval. We were given a tour of all the different types of clothing and the styles they had for different era’s. We were given a chance to have a look around freely and get used to hiring clothes out and learning the different procedures etc. It was a beautiful hire store because it had everything down to accessories which is hard to find in most costume hire places. This place was a good place for us to have a look around as it offered 10% off hire for all students which is a bonus for us!

We were set the task of choosing a characters outfit that we had discussed with the director down to detail and find a potential outfit. This not only helped us with learning how to pick out specific items and look for them but also tested our skills on how well we could seclude information we have been given by directors in order to deliver back an item that works and is what they wanted to initially use.

I worked with my Costume designer Reanne and we picked out a dark brown suit with a cream shirt to match and thought this would be perfect for our character as out Director was not specific with clothing. She wanted us to figure out something that looked smart yet stylish on a man of 60 years old. We then decided that this was far too simple and would cost more as the prices of suits were quite costly. We put the items back and picked out a bottom half for out character to wear. We agreed that we thought it fit the brief perfect and chose a beautiful shirt to match. We then decided to this outfit all we would need to add is a hat (which our Director insisted on) and some braces to style up the outfit a little.

After having a talk with Candida, we realised we were focusing too much on the look of the outfit and not enough on our research and analysis of the character and time that this is set in. We figured out that a 60 year old man may look very different in the outfit we chose as although it was very stylish and in the right time frame of the 80’s it was quite formal and young. We had a look through and had a talk with Candida which we then all came across a pair of Slacks that would have been perfect back then for a man of his age. The colour was exactly what we were looking for and all we had to do was find a really ‘funky’ designed shirt to match. We were thinking of looking for a medallion to add but we wanted to keep it smart. Slacks was perfect especially for this film as they are stay press Slacks which means they never get creased as it has man made seam in them

From this experience, I have learnt that there is more to picking an item than what you think ‘looks good’. It is essential that we are able to use our research skills and rehearse them when going out and picking for a production. Otherwise, it could result in a time consuming situation where you will be sent out to look again. It is also important to look through different places so you know where the cheapest and best places to buy stuff are. I have taken a few pictures from today of the final outfits we picked out on the rails, however these are for research purpose only and I will only be purchasing when we find out what our actors measurements are and when I have a look around some charity shops.

Today’s trip was helpful because I am now aware roughly of what is expected from me when visiting prop/costume hire places. I know I need to take a trip to ‘Angels’ in north west because they have some cheap offerings too. Also a few drama schools. I know that before dress rehearsals and fittings I need to do a shower check and make sure all my actors have showered before putting on the items I have hired as it is essential that I return all my items in the state I was given them and that they are looked after. Hygiene and maintenance is very important and it is my responsibility that I attain this.

I have learnt that it is also my responsibility that I list items that I have hired or taken out and bring it back otherwise, I will be billed. I will put these all into a hard copy book/ our ‘costume bible’ and make sure I take a picture of everything used. I know I will have to prep my clothes and make sure they are ready for fitting i.e iron etc as I need to take pride in them. When visiting a costume hire place, I should always carry with me a tape measure and something to take photos with. The last thing I learnt today is that when taking measurements, they always have to be bigger than body measurements when taken so the actor has space to move around in them.

 

Research / Trip to Geffrye Museum

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Today I took a trip to the Geffrye Museum as it was highly recommended from my teachers that this would help with research and understanding the theme of the 50s – 90s better. This being of course within the subject of furniture, rooms etc and how they have evolved over the years. We were also set a small task to find one common object in some of the early era’s and how they are still used nowadays. I choose the themes of floor and how it has changed over time as well as being rotated in different Era’s. I studied each Era carefully and looked at the types of flooring they had because that was what I chose to focus on.

This was the first image I found and this was based on the 1970s. This had a wooden flooring along with a carpet on top. Unfortunately, there was not much description on flooring in this museum however my guess for this was that the carpet was used to stay warm in the winter and removed in the summer.

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This living room was based in the 1990s so it was quite modern. Here they have a light coloured wooden floor layered all through except the stairs which are carpet but nonetheless, the whole flooring on here was wooden. This must be because it is easier to maintain.

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This living room area was based in 1965. I saw that again this was light coloured wood. However, this was criss cross patterned along with traces of darker tones mixed in. There was a small rug on the floor too, which was like the 1970s but didn’t cover up the whole of the floor but a section.

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This was based in the 1930s and it was all covered in a dark coloured carpet. In my opinion, I thought this looked very 80s because of the carpet and didn’t expect it at all. Although there was a carpet all over as flooring, there was still a rug. This must mean that it was very popular to have a rug in the living area regardless of what your flooring was.

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This was based in the 1890s. This living area like the 1970s was all floor and a small carpet covering, but this wood was much darker and looked more dull.

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This was based in the 1830s. This I found more intruiging and caught my eye. The layout of the flooring was all carpet but had browns that were the colour of wood flooring usually and was printed. It was bright, floral and looked very nice in comparison to all the other flooring. It suited the furniture and brought the room together.

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This was one of the most interesting ones to me. This room was based in the 1970s and had a carpet, flooring and tiles. This was interesting because this was the only room to have any sort of tiles on the floor which I didn’t expect at all as I’d have thought years ago, tiles would be very popular. It had the mix of three which I thought may be used to show that whoever lives here had money to afford to have three different types of flooring in one room. Or it could mean the complete opposite. It looked a little messy and it was not something of my taste but I found it interesting.

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This was set in 1745 and was all wood flooring. This was interesting too because the wood was very different. It was a merge of lighter and dark wood and didn’t have a specific pattern meaning that this could be what the wood originally looks like and they’ve not just changed it to look that way.

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This one was set in 1695 and was extremely similar to the 1745 flooring. In fact, I believe the same type of wood was used for the flooring so this must have become popular again to be used all over for flooring again. It works very well with wooden furniture and makes the room look brighter.

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The final room I looked at was based in 1630. This was all wooden covered flooring. In the middle it had a small rug just like the others, the only difference was that it was not a rug but looked like a hand man sewn rug made of of straw. People must have made these themselves to put on the floor as it was cheaper to make yourself then to buy a rug and also, was easier to maintain the floor when cleaning as they were broom friendly.

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